1. Comparison of NTFS and FAT32

FAT32 (File Allocation Table) is an old file system; it is simple and readable to work on a large number of operating systems. But, recently, it is understood that the usage of FAT 32 always been replaced by NTFS-the superior partition format.

NTFS (New Technology File System) is the standard file system of Windows NT, including its later versions Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, and Windows 7. NTFS supersedes the FAT32 as the preferred file system for Microsoft’s Windows operating systems.

By comparison of NTFS and FAT32, it’s easy to find that NTFS has more advantages than FAT file system. The listed below are the advantages of NTFS.

• Allows indexing which improves file searching (mostly, faster).
• Better security – file encryption (except Win XP home)
• Supports user quotas.
• File compression to save disk space.
• Supports larger files than FAT (greater than 4GB).
• Supported format on dynamic disks (except Win XP Home).
• Resistant to fragmentation.

2. How to Convert FAT32 to NTFS

1). Open Command Prompt, press “Windows & R” key, input “cmd” and then press “Enter”.

2). in the command prompt window, type: convert drive_letter: /fs: ntfs

Pay attention to here, typing “convert D: /fs:ntfs:” would format drive D: with the NTFS format according to your own requirement. And once you convert a FAT32 partition to NTFS, you cannot simply convert it back to FAT32 because you have to reformat the drive or partition which will erase all data. So, before formatting, back up the data if necessary.

3. How to Convert NTFS to FAT32

Why we convert superior file system back to FAT32? This question confused many people. The fact is that some devices can only supports FAT32 file system, so to convert NTFS to FAT32 is required.

1). Open Windows Explorer and choose one drive that you want to reformat. Right click the drive and select the “Format” option from the context menu.

2). Select “FAT32” from this drop down box under the “File System” section and tick at the “Quick Format” option.

3). Click the “Start” button to start the reformatting process. It may take a few minutes according to the size of your drive. In addition, you may choose the 3rd-party partition software (like Partition Assistant Free Edition) to quickly reformat a partition.

Ok, conversion is finished; however, another question came out-how to convert NTFS to FAT32 without data losing? Currently, we can not approach the best of both worlds yet. The best safe way is the “backup – reformat – restore”.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/4737847

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